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SEPP using Vanguard forms. Please check calculation.
- Date of Birth: 06/16/1971
- Age: 48
- 72t Method: Amortization Method
- 72t Distribution Start Date: Oct 10, 2019
- Life Table Used: Single expectancy
- Stub Year (Y/N): N
- Annual Recalc (Y/N): N
- AFR Rate: 2.5 % (July 2019 rate)
- Account Balance(s): 885,000
Questions: Have calculated SEPP using amortization method using my 401K account with single expectancy (36 factor from IRS table), with AFR rate of 2.5% and investment rate of 4%, the distribution amount is $37,569.65 and would like to start distribution this year Oct 10, 2019 to last 11 years? Please check if my calculation are correct?
Need to ask about using distribution from 401k savings plan while applying SEPP 72(t) rule with Amortization method, as we are asked to complete Vanguard "Installment payment request" form. As Vanguard agents insist on using life expectancy (single or joint) ONLY to avoid 10% penalty and asking me to file IRS form 1099R (box 1 will be checked not 2) and in addition Form 5329 (to report retirement income) on my tax filing if I were to avoid 10% penalty? However, the IRS table for single expectancy they are using generates lower yearly payment cause they are not using the applicable federal interest rate? What are they missing and how can we make sure I elect correct method to setup correct withdrawal/distribution once to avoid the 10% penalty as per SEPP 72(t) rule from my 401K account? The three options form provide are 1) fixed amount, 2) declining balance (with number of payments years) and 3) life expectancy (which I have been forced to pick). My hunch is that they are calculating the SEPP amortization method wrong (and using Minimum distribution Method instead) while not considering the interest rate factor besides single life expectancy? Please advise
Thanks I recalculated with August rate of 2.24% coming out to be $36,073.36. I already have allocated separate IRA and Roth IRA (post tax) for rainy days. Yes I will be 12% tax bracket hence full amount is what I am looking for, can you also comment on the Vanguard form selection of single life expectancy they are getting lower amount close to $24000? Do you have formula how to calculate the amortization method with interest rate?
Should I calculate myself and pick fixed amount of the vanguard form? As Vanguard mentions only way a 10% penalty is avoided is by picking single expectancy, I am schedule to talk to a CPA but not many knows about 72t rule in general?
Syed, I created a new thread for your questions so they're no longer hidden under the "template". Let me know if you have any trouble accessing or viewing the posts.
I have followed up on the advise to have "fixed amount" after calculating it with amortization method (Nov. 2019 AFR rate of 2.13%) , start date of SEPP Jan 20, 2020 to last another 10 years or so? Vanguard wants you to complete the " "Installment payment Request" form and it is pretty straight forward to complete.
I spoke to several CPA's but no adequate answer in regards to 72(t) rule all gave the same answer to file 1099R + form 5329 (as mentioned above) and ask me to revert back during filing times, so in a nutshell it boils down to my filing time next year in 2020 or 2021 (since I started distribution in 2020 fiscal year). I know my income bracket moving forward (plus needs) so I feel comfortable starting SEPP plan now. Thanks for all the support here.......appreciate the candor....
If you start the payments 01/20/2020, you have chosen the wrong 120% interest rate.
You would have to use the just published January 2020 rate (on the IRS website) of 2.03%, the December 2019 rate of $2.03%, or the November rate of 1.91%. 2.13% isn't an option - if you use it, you have busted your plan as soon as you receive your first payment!
Man excellent catch just fixed the amortization calculated yearly distribution amount in time to reflect Dec 2019 AFR rate of 2.03%......(or would have surely busted my SEPP 72t plan)
I will duly revert back to the group in years time to share the taxation (1099) based information apparently not many CPAs out there who knows exactly as to which box on 1099 should be reflected (vanguard will also not confirm or deny so we will have to wait till next year filing to have more accurate information on filing taxes for distribution).....just to reiterate Vanguard form to fill out for 401k distribution is "Installment payment form" and need at least 30 days lead time before payment starts....
Worst case, Vanguard will issue you a 1099R marked with code "1" - ('Early distribution, no known exception applies'). If they do this, all you have to do is file form 5329 with your tax return. Enter exception code "2" on line 2 (Exceptions to the Additional Tax on Early Distributions) -- code '2' denotes distributions made as part of a series of substantially equal periodic payments (made at least annually) based upon life expectancy , and you should be good. Just keep copies of all of your calculations for the IRS in case there is a future issue.
I do not know of any broker or mutual fund who will use code "2" any more. They do not want to assume the responsibility, because they have no way of verifying your age, or if you have other SEPP 72-T plans at other brokers which could affect the calculations. As stated, the 5329 form is a simple form to report that you are filing for exception to the 10% penalty because the distribution was under a SEPP 72-T plan.